Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

This portal is dedicated to track, evaluate and report on implementation progress of Ghana’s Nationally Determined Contribution(NDC) in the long-term which commences in 2020. Summary information on the overall progress made to achieve Ghana’s obligation at any point in time.

Ghana put forward 31 mitigation and adaptation actions in its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) in response to the Lima Call for Action. In all, there are 20 mitigation and 11 adaptation actions in 7 priority sectors which will be implemented in a 10- year period (2020-2030). The priority sectors on are  (a) sustainable land use including food security; (b) climate proof infrastructure; (c) equitable social development; (d) sustainable mass transportation; (e) sustainable energy security; (f) sustainable forest management; and (g) alternative urban waste.  In the 10-year period, Ghana needs USD 22.6 billion in investments from domestic and international public and private sources to finance these actions. USD 6.3 billion is expected to be mobilized from domestic sources whereas the USD 16.3 billion will come from international support.

In the portal, each of the 31 actions has a dedicated webpage which contains information on the following: (a) Background information on action NDC action and institutional arrangement (b) Implementation progress, (c) Impacts of the action and system for tracking and reporting and (d) Finance, capacity and technological support.

INDC Policy Actions Programme of Action Supporting National Policy & Measures Status Investment Needs [$Million] Co-benefits
Scale up renewable energy penetration by 10% by 2030 Increase small-medium hydro installed capacity up to 150-300MW National Energy Policy Conditional 2,214 Job creation opportunities through installation and maintenance of about 127.5 million man hours.
National renewable energy Act (Act 832). Reduced consumption of fossil fuel consumption for power generation.
Attain utility scale wind power capacity up Set up feed-in-tariff for renewable energy technologies. Increased electricity access to rural communities and contributed to realize energy security.
to 50-150MW Established of national renewable energy fund The electricity demand saving of about 200MW
Attain utility scale solar electricity installed capacity up to 150-250MW Design renewable energy purchase obligation.
Establish solar 55 mini-grids with an average capacity of 100kW which translates to 10MW Net metering scheme for households
Scale up the 200,000 solar home systems
for lighting in urban and selected non- electrified rural households
Promote clean rural households lighting Increase solar lantern replacement in rural non-electrified households to 2 million. Sustainable Energy Action Plan 300 Avoided GH˘74 million subsidy on kerosene annually.
National bioenergy strategy Kerosene savings to the nation of 60,000liters, 150,000liters and 390,000liters.
Phasing out fossil fuel subsidies
Expand the Scale up adoption of LPG use from 5.5% to Sustainable Energy Action Plan 0.6 39,500 hectares of woodland is saved from degradation.
adoption of market-based cleaner cooking solutions 50% peri-urban and rural households up to 2030. National Natural Gas Master Plan. Reduction in indoor pollution resulting from wood fuel usage.
National LPG Programme Reduction in smoke related respiratory and eye diseases
Reduction in household cooking fuel expenditure
Scale up access and adoption of 2 million efficient cook stoves up to 2030 50 Job creation through the manufacture and sale of the efficient stoves
Double energy Scale up 120 MSCF12 natural gas ˇ               National Natural Gas Master Plan. Unconditional 1,000 Depending on demand scenarios, savings are estimated to be between US$67 million and US$610 million.
efficiency improvement to 20% in power plants replacement of light crude oil for electricity generation in thermal plants. Projected fuel cost savings over the lifetime of the project are expected to be between US$94 million and US$109 million, based on the mid-level gas demand projection.
Income tax - Projected income taxes to be paid by WAPCo to Ghana over the lifetime of the project is in the range of US$466 million to US$588 million.
Scale up Expansion of inter and intra city mass National Transport Policy Conditional 1,201 Number of trips by public transportation increased by 10% in the 4 cities.
Sustainable mass transportation transportation modes (Rail and bus transit system) in 4 cities 13 Number of NMT trips increase by 5% in intervened areas.
Reduction in travel time by at least 8 minutes per trip by public transport.
Traffic congestion levels decreased.
Promote Continue 10,000ha annual National Forest and Wildlife Unconditional 1,050 Annual 29,000 jobs created.
Sustainable utilization of forest resources through REDD+ reforestation/afforestation of degraded lands Policy. Annual production of 370 metric ton of staple food
Double 10,000ha annual reforestation/afforestation of degraded lands translating to 20,000ha on annual basis. National plantation development strategy Conditional 1,750
Support enhancement of forest carbon National Forest and Wildlife Conditional 60 Biodiversity conservation
stocks through 5,000ha per annum enrichment planting and enforcement of timber felling standards. Policy.
Timber resource utilization regulation
45%14 emission reduction through result- National Forest and Wildlife Conditional 2,067 Increase 20,000 cocoa farmer incomes by doubling the average yield per hectare.
based emission reduction programme in cocoa landscape. Policy In reducing deforestation and degradation, the program will help to maintain and conserve the biodiversity that is found within the cocoa-forest landscape.
Wildfire management in the transition and National REDD+ strategy Conditional 26 ˇ               Reduce emissions of short-lived climate pollutants.
savannah dry lands in Ghana ˇ               Reduce deforestation and improve biodiversity conservation especially in the drylands.
ˇ               Improve degraded lands for productive use.
Adopt Improve effectiveness of urban solid ˇ     National sanitation strategy. Conditional 15 ˇ               Job creation of about 9 million man hours for 15 years based 250 people working for 8 hours
alternative urban solid waste management collection from 70% to 90% by 2030 and disposed all to an engineered landfills for phase-out methane recovery from 40% in 2025 to 65% by 2030 ˇ     National bioenergy strategy. /day.
ˇ     National renewable energy Act (Act 832) ˇ               Improved urban sanitation and waste management.
ˇ     Environmental Protection Act (Act 490) ˇ               Improved agricultural yield through the availability of organic fertilizer.
Scale up 200 institutional biogas in senior ˇ     Environmental Assessment Regulation (LI. 1652) 5 ˇ               Reduced inorganic fertilizer bill to government
high schools and prisons nation wide ˇ     Sustainable Energy Action Plan.
Double the current waste to compost 60
installed capacity of 180,000tonne/annum by 203015.
Double energy Scaling up of installation of power factor ˇ               National Energy Policy Conditional 8.4 ˇ               Reduction in electricity demands and expenditure. Direct electricity cost saving to consumers. With an average monthly maximum demand savings of $ 300 avoided power factor surcharge.
efficiency improvement to 20% in industrial facilities correction devices in 1,000 commercial and industrial facilities (capacitor banks). ˇ               Power factor surcharge for bulk electricity consumers.
ˇ               Sustainable Energy Action Plan.
Green Cooling Abatement of fluorinated-gases (HFC-22 ˇ               National ODS phase-out programme. Conditional 0.3 ˇ               Phase-out ozone depleting substances.
Africa Initiative and HFC-410) from stationery air- conditioners ˇ               Management of ODS and product regulation, 2005 (LI. 1812)
INDC Policy Actions Programme of Actions Supporting national policy & Investment Needs Status
measures (mil $)
Agriculture resilience building in climate vulnerable landscapes Modified community-based conservation agriculture adopted in 43 administrative districts Food and Agriculture Sector Development Policy 799 Unconditional
Ghana’s Medium-term Agriculture sector investment plan
Scale up penetration of climate smart technologies to 1,119 Unconditional
increase livestock and fisheries productivity by 10%. Ghana Agriculture Investment Programme
Promote innovations in post-harvest storage and food processing and forest products in 43 administrative districts. 1,270 Conditional
Value addition-based utilization of forest resources Governance reform for utilization of forest resources for sustainable energy use and biodiversity business. National bio-energy strategy. 767 Unconditional
Sustainable energy for all action plan
Manage 413,000ha fragile, ecologically sensitive and culturally National Forest and Wildlife Policy 512 Unconditional
significant sites in 22 administrative district in the forest and savannah areas.
City-wide resilient infrastructure planning Building standards for strategic infrastructure in housing, transport, coastal, waste management, telecommunication and energy) adopted in 10 urban administrative regions. Local Government Act 462. 3,558 Conditional
National Building Regulation
Early warning and Expand and modernize the current 22 synoptic stations based Ghana Meteorological Agency 403 Conditional
disaster prevention on needs assessment, and increase the number to 50 stations for efficient weather information management Act 682.
Managing climate- Strengthen climate related disease surveillance in vulnerable National Health Policy 919 Conditional
induced health risks communities in 3 Districts.
Adopt climate change informed health information systems 492 Unconditional
including traditional knowledge on health risk management.
Integrated water resources management Strengthen equitable distribution and access to water for 20% of the population living in climate change risk communities. National Water Policy 1,919 Unconditional
Resilience for gender Implementation of community led adaptation and livelihood National climate change policy 1,023 Unconditional
and the vulnerable diversification for vulnerable groups

This portal is dedicated to track, evaluate and report on implementation progress of Ghana’s Nationally Determined Contribution(NDC) in the long-term which commences in 2020. Summary information on the overall progress made to achieve Ghana’s obligation at any point in time.

Ghana put forward 31 mitigation and adaptation actions in its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) in response to the Lima Call for Action. In all, there are 20 mitigation and 11 adaptation actions in 7 priority sectors which will be implemented in a 10- year period (2020-2030). The priority sectors on are  (a) sustainable land use including food security; (b) climate proof infrastructure; (c) equitable social development; (d) sustainable mass transportation; (e) sustainable energy security; (f) sustainable forest management; and (g) alternative urban waste.  In the 10-year period, Ghana needs USD 22.6 billion in investments from domestic and international public and private sources to finance these actions. USD 6.3 billion is expected to be mobilized from domestic sources whereas the USD 16.3 billion will come from international support.

In the portal, each of the 31 actions has a dedicated webpage which contains information on the following: (a) Background information on action NDC action and institutional arrangement (b) Implementation progress, (c) Impacts of the action and system for tracking and reporting and (d) Finance, capacity and technological support.

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